Category Archives: Electronic

Cleaning Cat Litter Box Litter-Robot I VS Litter

One of the best automatic cat litter boxes available today is the Litter-Robot.  The Litter-Robot consists of a removable globe that sits atop a base containing a large waste drawer.  The globe contains a heavy duty rubber coated screen for sifting litter.  Seven minutes after the cat leaves the Litter-Robot, the globe begins to rotate.  The litter is sifted by the screen.  Clumps are separated and dropped into the waste drawer through a trap door.

Litter-Robot has many advantages.  First, the globe shape minimizes the cat’s ability to kick litter out.  Second, it requires no special receptacles or bags.  Any type of bag may be used in the waste drawer.  Bags are held by rubber grips.  Third, any type of clumping cat litter can be used.  Other brands, such as Littermaid or ScoopFree use a rake to sift the litter.  The rake has a tendency to become clogged.  It has been reported by users that more expensive brands of cat litter will improve the performance of rake-style automatic and self-cleaning cat litter boxes.  On the other hand, Litter-Robot can use the least expensive brand of cat litter, which saves money in the long run.

Additional advantages of the Litter-Robot include a 60 day money back guarantee, an 18 month warranty and it is very easy to maintain.  The removable globe just lifts off the base.  It has no electronics in it, so if it needs to be cleaned, it is very easy to do.  First the remaining litter is emptied into the drawer by pressing the “Empty” button.  Then the globe can be lifted off and hosed down with a garden hose.  A scent-free mild soap and deodorizer can be used, if desired.  Scent-free products should be used so unusual smells will not deter the cat from using the Litter-Robot.  Similarly, the drawer contains no electronics and can be cleaned in the same manner as the globe.

The currently available Litter-Robot is Litter-Robot II.  The original Litter-Robot has been discontinued by the manufacturer.  Although occasionally it can be found on eBay.  The original Litter-Robot (let’s just call it Litter-Robot I), had a few differences than the new Litter-Robot II.  First, Litter-Robot I had a smaller waste drawer.  In addition, its motor was much louder.  Third, it did not have any odor control features.

Litter-Robot II has a much larger waste drawer than Litter-Robot I.  The motor is also much quieter.  Recently, Litter-Robot II was improved further with odor control features.  There is a soft breathable ring between the base and the globe to trap odors in the drawer.  The drawer has an odor-neutralizing carbon filter that destroys the odor as it escapes through the drawer’s ventilation holes.  Since many of the early Litter-Robot II’s do not have odor control, the manufacturer sells an upgrade kit so users may add it themselves.  In addition, the manufacturer sells replacement carbon filters.

Overall, Litter-Robot II has improved dramatically vs. Litter-Robot I.  The odor control features work extremely well. The larger sized waste drawer makes travel very convenient.  With an automatic pet feeder, a pet waterer and the Litter-Robot, it’s very easy to justify firing the pet sitter.  If you travel a lot, these products pay for themselves.

Robotics and Automation Engineering

Robots are everywhere around us whether we realize it or not. From surgery robots to entertainment robots to the robots employed for household chores. This rampant use of robots for different purposes didn’t come easy. A lot of effort and energy on the part of passionate scientists and researchers went into realizing the dream of robots in our life. But, as they say, no success is permanent and as a matter of fact it is not. There no such word called stagnant in the dictionary of science. Any technology has to keep on evolving to sustain and in the process bring out the answers to the prevailing problems. Robots have actually, made our lives so much easier and improved its quality.

Any student, who is interested in the field of Robotics and Automation engineering, has a world of opportunities to do the same. So many universities offer good quality education to their students of this subject. Ukraine has truly become the hub of education for the mentioned field. With good quality education at low fees, its colleges are considered to be among the top aviation institutes of Europe and at par with any other renowned college in the world.

With beautiful cities of Kiev, Kharkiv, Lviv, Odessa etc. who are of great historic and strategic importance to boast about, Ukraine also has world-class education facilities for all the aspiring students. This country not only focuses on providing quality education to its own citizens, but also is keen on inviting foreign candidates for education. The best part about education here is that the focus is not about cramming the textbooks, but the overall development of students with the help of equal importance to be given to theory as well as practical application. The overall development also includes co-curricular activities for the benefit of students in the mental as well as physical development of the candidates. And that’s not all; this quality education is offered at very nominal fees, as already discussed above.

The proof of the quality of education imparted here can be, the alumni of the institutes situated here, who have been absorbed by the reputed organizations worldwide. A few of the universities are recognized and accredited by not only the Ukrainian Government but also by UNESCO.

Coming back to the Robotic systems field, the courses offered provide learning in the vocational and practical disciplines such as the basis of program design for robotic systems, robotic complexes and systems in aviation and space engineering, electrical engineering, electronics and microprocessor engineering, theory of technical systems, history of engineering activity and robotics, hydraulics, hydro- and pneumatic drives, technological basis of robotized production, maintenance and servicing of industrial robots, bases of flexible production, dynamic durability of industrial robots, mathematical basis of robotic systems, theory of control, bases of robotic systems designing, industrial robotics, electromechanical drives of robots and engineering tools with numerical programmed control, electronic elements and devices, physical-technical bases of robotized production and so many more to provide the proper learning of the course in question.

Establish a Glittering Career in Robotics

Robotic System and Complex system are the branches which are the combination of the mechanical, electrical and electronics engineering. To boost your career in the automation engineering with the sum of all we can define a new engineering that is robotic engineering. The field deals with the design, construction, operation, and the applications of the robots. With the advanced computer and IT systems for the control, sensor feedback and the information processing. To better understand the concept of robotics, Many of you have watched the “Terminator” movie based on the science fiction and the advance use of robotics complexes and machine designing to better get an exposure to the latest technologies and the machine structures.

Talking about the future, it has been assumed that robots will one day be able to mimic human behavior and manage tasks in a human-like fashion, surgeries, and others. Robotics is a rapid growing technology that continues to boost the applications of research, designing and building new robots for various purposes whether it may be domestically, commercially or militarily services. Robotics engineering has changed the way of thinking of many scientists are many works can be made from them in terms of field related to mechanical, electrical, electronics and the most important one is Science and technology and that too in the real-time applications.

To get in the amazing career of robotics with the reference to aeronautical and aerospace engineering, One has to get a good grade of marks in the subjects like physics, math, chemistry, and advanced technological devices. To get a better chance in the field of robotics and automation and get in the amazing career and enjoy the experience of working in real-time and off time applications too. The environment of being is such a field requires the complete devotion of the aspirants towards it. As many difficulties in terms of learning and dealing with new equipment may arise to the one who is getting in one of the finest careers.

Automation Engineering

It involves specialized knowledge of automation control systems, which is generally desired in manufacturing industries and automobiles. Automation engineer deals with the testing, quality improvement and operation of the automated systems and tools of all types and size. These professionals are desired everywhere in the manufacturing industry. With the emerging trends in the manufacturing industry in the country, the demand for the professions has increased and realized in the last few years. In the coming years, the industry is expected to grow on the trademark of the robotics with maintenance and the production engineering. The engineer in this field integrates the hardware and software components or system to develop a final integration of systems, which can be depended upon to carry out the various operations of the industry, which includes the testing, component parts etc. The complete process is repeated to achieve the desired results in automation engineering.

System Complexes

These kinds of engineering deal with the design and analysis of building and non-building devices such as structures of robots, aircraft, helicopters, planes, medical equipment, entertainment products and spacecraft.

The work of the control engineer has contributed a lot to the manufacturing industry for the purpose of efficient production, computer control and improve the all over the quality of the product.

Any Student who is interested the field of robotics systems and complexes has a world of opportunities to deal with the same. There are many reputed universities offering the quality of education in the same field. There are many locations which are the hub of the various engineering related to it mentioned field with the benefits like low tuition fees, its colleges are considered to be among the top aviation institutes of various countries and at par with any other renowned colleges in the world.

The proof of the quality of the education system in different Countries can be made out from the range of faculties teaching with the university accredited by the various local and international bodies. A few of the universities and institutes are accredited by the bodies like WHO, UNESCO, and others which are known worldwide.

The field of robotics and system complexes are the new one in the terms of aerospace and aeronautics. So aspirants can choose a career in it,based on their merit results. As, robotics is dealing with the use of medical equipment,entertainment equipment building, and others.

The future building in the fields lies in the hand of the engineering aspirants. So students have to choose wisely among the different streams of robotics and system complexes.

RF Robot Kit

From simple robot kits, average are made and from average superior robot kits like the rf robot kit are created. The simple or beginner robot kit is actually all about mechanics, the average kit already involves mechanics and electronics, and superior robot kits combines mechanical, electronics and programming. When you buy them, being “kits”, their package includes the parts, the tools and the manual that indicate how the project should be made or assembled. The rf robot kit is not anymore for kids because it requires analytical thinking, more logical process and long robotic experience. Kids especially those that are just aging seven years old should start from the basic, they should first try the beginner’s kit, and when they become experts they can try average level kits up to the time that they qualify to do superior level kits.

The Rf robot kit is a superior robotic project that is really intriguing and exciting to do. It involves the use of transmitter and receivers that contribute a huge factor in program management of a robot project. Usually numbers play a significant role in rf robot, it determines the direction, the speed and extent of location to head on. A particular number has a specific value that could be translated by the robot into an action or performance. This is not mainly intended for kids but also created for adult’s hobbies and recreation. If a kid intends to make an rf robot, he must assure himself that he has all it takes to be called robotics expert because rf robot kit is very difficult to so many complexities. Some kids who are really passionate about robotics and has high intelligence level could make an rf robot.

Because of the complex steps involve in assembling the rf robot kits, it is suggested to be a group or family project where in several minds could work together. Some say two minds are better than one so what more if it is a group, the rf robot kit branded as very complex will become very easy in this case. Same thing will happen if this project will be worked out by a family; every member will take part on finishing the project by sharing ideas and thoughts.

Every person or group that will try to solve a rf robot kit could gain personal development. If he done the project by himself, his analytical skills, intelligence and logical thinking will surely be increased, and if he work on it with a group, he could share his idea and at the same time also gather ideas from others. If you want to get one for yourself or for your family, kits are already available on your local stores.

Pros and Cons of Acquiring a Robotic

A robotic total station is one of the most advanced electronic instruments being used in modern surveying. But what are the advantages and potential disadvantages of these surveying instruments? Read on to find out.


The biggest advantage to the robotic over the optical station is that it has a motor in it that allows it to be operated remotely. This allows the surveyor to be away from the instrument, which CAN allow you to cut the survey crew by one person. This is a SIGNIFICANT savings to the surveyor.

Most modern optical total stations include the theodolite, distance meter, AND data collection all in the same instrument. The robotic just adds the robotic servo motors. Robots work all day and don’t complain. They don’t need water breaks or bathroom breaks. They don’t lay out drunk or call in sick when you have an important job to do. They only require a charged battery. Robots also are capable of turning more precise angles.

All these advantages lead to a lesser cost of operation as fewer persons are required to do the job.


With the introduction of robotic total stations, many surveyors don’t find the need for an assistant, choosing to survey as a “one-man” crew. As such, this does mean that someone may be unemployed. Of course, you could keep that person and train them for another job or use them to increase production.

Since electronic total stations have been around, there has been a tendency by surveyors to treat these instruments as “black boxes,” which means that you trust whatever numbers pop out of it without question. Even though today’s surveying instruments are extremely helpful, they are still just tools. Remember the saying “garbage in – garbage out.”

With the total station itself, one problem might be that electrical malfunctions could happen, especially in extreme weather conditions. A constant power supply is essential for the machine to keep working. Interruption of power or signals could happen once it loses its power and this could generate wrong data and could greatly affect the whole project.

All electronic surveying equipment requires routine maintenance and care. While these instruments are somewhat rugged, it is possible that rough handling and rough conditions can cause expensive problems. But, with proper care, this could be alleviated.

The most notable disadvantage for robotic total stations is the price. These machines typically run about double what an optical total station does. While this DOES require a substantial investment, with the offsetting of the labor cost, the payback on this type equipment should be relatively quick. My experience is that you could pay back the cost within a year’s time or less.

To sum it all up, a robotic total station is a great piece of machinery to have and will definitely help surveyors in cutting their workload and not to mention their production costs. But, as we mentioned above, there are other things to consider as you contemplate the purchase of one of these advanced pieces of surveying equipment.

Robots The Future of Eldercare

Advances in technology have been astounding over the last decade. Electronics are starting to be built into everything from vacuums to toothbrushes and slowly, but surely, computers will become an invaluable part of every aspect of daily living. Someday, you’ll be able to take a shower and the bathroom will not only detect you, it will adjust the height of the sink to your level and set the water temperature to 96 degrees, just the way you like it.

Taking care of the elderly will become much easier, as well. Remember Rosie from The Jetsons? She was able to cook and clean and even read their son, Elroy, a bedtime story. It may be a long time before we see a robot that we’re actually able to communicate with, but robots that cook and clean are already in production. Think about your elderly loved ones. Instead of having to send them away to a retirement home, they’ll be able to spend their remaining years at home with you, where they should be. And you won’t have to worry about leaving them alone or making sure they’re taking their medication.

Now, it’s really going to take a long time before robots are advanced enough to fully take care of us, so don’t start believing that they’re going to take all our jobs. But robots, or more likely just computers, will be built into everything and make life easier. Instead of a robotic nurse pushing grandpa around in a wheelchair, the robot may actually be the wheelchair. Grandpa will simply have to think about which direction he wants to move and his robotic chair will follow.

Imagine the possibilities of living in a world where you won’t have to remember when to take which pills or where your wheelchair will be able to go up and down stairs with ease. Help will always be instantly at your side, so there will be less of a need for emergency response and homes will be a completely safe environment.

This all may sound great, but can we really expect to see all this new technology anytime soon? The answer is yes, and no. Within our lifetimes, expect to see electronics built into just about everything. Expect to be able to use verbal commands to control most major household appliances, but don’t expect them to be able to answer back with a witty remark until about 2050. We are in the electronic and digital age, but will soon be up against the robotic and nanotechnology age.

Robot Kits For Kids

Usually male kids love to play with robots because it is gives reality to the robot games and movies that they admire on television. Although most robot movies demonstrate fighting and power exhibition, it is still proven as good toys for kids. Its complex styles and complicated parts have the power to trigger learning and mind advancement to the child. As early as seven years old, robot kits for kids could already be introduced to your child. This wll not just make your child aware of robotics but it will also make him wise, resolve complicated problem and analyze what to do.

To begin your child’s learning about robotics or robot building, you can get him a beginner robot kits for kids. The kit is the complete set of a particular robot kit project that includes the all the needed parts, tools and the instruction necessary for part assembling. On the first robotic study of your child, he could learn some important mechanical and electronic parts, how mechanical systems are put together and how to handle simple hand tools. On his first try, it is also important that you still provide supervision because he might have some question and difficulties regarding the parts and the assembling process, you should still be their to guide and show him the right way to do things right.

After your child is done with his first robot kit and you see his passion to learn more, you could introduce higher level or advance robot kits for kids that already involve programming. In this stage he could learn the basic about electronics and computer programming allowing him to analyze things better. He could know how electricity work, its effect to things and the power that it has to manage things. As long as your child has the passion for robotics or robot building continue nurturing it by providing him different and kits and project to work with, and best give him additional reading and references related to robotics. Through this he could develop his interest and expand his knowledge and awareness since analyzing, mechanics, electronics and programming is part of our daily tasks.

On the negative side, the disastrous characters of robots on movies shown on television of could also influence your child’s behavior but still that depends upon the training and discipline given by the parent to his child. Through proper explanation and enlightenment of the right things to the child will effectively avoid this situation. Although robot kits for kids bear a tag that it is “for kids” it could also be enjoyed by parents and adults. Actually, you and your child could work together making a robotic project because it will improve both of your knowledge and at the same time develop child and parent relationship.

Robotic Massage

The evolution of science and technology has made some wonderful technology advances. One such area which benefits you is a robotic massage chair. These mechanical servants are here to take care of all your whims and needs. Let’s take a look at some of the more prominent features of these advanced robotic massage chairs.

Back Roller Massage: One of the basic technologies used in a robotic massaging recliners is the back roller massage mechanism. This system uses two, four or six rollers to perform a variety of movements. Movements can consist of kneading, tapping, rolling and a combination kneading and tapping.

Air Massage System: Many manufacturers are integrating air massage systems into their recliners. These systems used compressed air to inflate specially designed airbags. The flexibility of this technology allows the airbags to be contoured to different parts of the body. These are especially effective for massaging the larger muscles of the body.

Foot Reflexology: To relieve your aching feet, many of the top manufacturers now offer foot reflexology massage. Reflexology massage uses contoured designed airbags to provide a compression massage to the sides and top of the feet. Specially designed reflexology nodes or plates are used to stimulate the soles of the feet for relief.

Heat Therapy: The application of heat is commonly found in sports therapy. Now many of these advanced recliners have integrated heating systems. This enables the user to target heat to specific areas of the body. Heat is known to reduce swelling and to enhance blood flow.

MP3 Music Player: One of the more important elements of massage is to relax your mind. The most effective means of doing so is with soft, rhythmic music. Many massage chairs now have integrated MP3 players and headphones. This makes it easy for you to relax your mind, thus making the massage more effective.

Shiatsu Massage: The first massage chairs were started in Japan where the most famous massage technique is shiatsu. Now with different technologies available, many of these recliners come with shiatsu style massage therapy. A variety of movements and technologies are employed to deliver an effective shiatsu massage.

Stretching Systems: One of the new technologies evolving in these advanced recliners is stretching systems. Now many of these chairs have the ability to stretch out different parts of the body. These systems either target stretching the legs or stretching the shoulders and back.

Vibration Systems: The first massage chairs were simply vibration enhanced chairs. Vibration is very good at penetrating deeply through the muscles and soft tissue areas. Many massage chairs make use of vibration in strategic areas to provide relief.

Omega Massage: One of the top companies for advanced massage chairs is the Omega Massage Company. This line of recliners are known for their strength of massage. They provide a variety of different value added therapies to provide the most complete massage experience.

Sanyo Electronics: This company offers a number of electronic features to better pinpoint and target your areas of stress. Different arrays of electronic sensors are used to better customize and target the massage just for your needs.

Panasonic Massage Chairs: The Panasonic electronic company offers a number of models for the American market. Advanced technology is used in a common platform for different massage chair models. They offer a line of contemporary entry-level and high-end luxury line.

As you can see there are many technologies integrated into today’s robotic massage chairs. All of these technologies are driven by sophisticated software programs to better target specific areas and also to provide a superior overall massage. The companies which are pushing the frontiers of technology are Omega Massage, Sanyo and also Panasonic. This is a great time to be looking at these advanced recliners as the technology is available to provide full body massage treatments.

Industrial Robots A Marvel Of Engineering

Invention of Robots has brought about revolutionary changes in the field of industrial manufacturing. In the earlier part of the century humans were engaged in jobs, which were very dangerous and involved serious health hazards, but in 1956, Unimation a company founded by George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger invented the first robot. These were initially used in industries where it was required that dangers involved in working should be reduced like in spot welding, die casting and forging and then gradually they were employed in areas requiring greater strength and accuracy than human beings.

Industrial Robots are automatic devices, which to an extent simulate the human behavior or more specifically human activity. Robots are important part of the science of Automation. Automation involves machines and computers that are capable of learning and performing various types of operations. The word robot has been derived from the Czech word “robota” meaning compulsory labor. The robots are used in industries to perform various functions like material handling, spot welding, spray painting, die casting, ironing, forging, assembly operations, palletizing, dispensing, testing, water jet cutting, picking and placing heavy goods etc.

Robots are made in various shapes and sizes and generally their load carrying capacity depends up on their size and strength. An average human sized robot is capable of carrying a load of more than 100 pounds and can also move it very quickly at the rate of +/-0.006 inches. One of their major advantages is that they can work continuously for days and years at a stretch without developing any fault. Due to this persistent accuracy robots are fast becoming indispensable part of various industrial set-ups. Most often these robots are used for repetitive painting, welding and operations like picking up and placing products into the machines.

The industrial robots can be programmed for performing a single function at a time and can only perform that particular function till they are reprogrammed. The cost of a robot is not very huge, but generally the cost of programming the robot is so high that instead of reprogramming it the manufacturers find it more economical to buy a new one for a different task. In simpler terms we can say that usually the cost of the robot is just a fraction of the cost of programming it.

Robots are made up of easily available materials. Steel, cast iron and aluminum are commonly used for making the arms and bases of robots. In mobile robots, rubber tires are fixed for smooth and quiet operation. Robots may be electronically operated and also laser or radio controlled. The exposed parts of the robot are enveloped with flexible neoprene sheaths and bellows.

The importance of robots in industries is increasing day by day and they constitute a very important part of the modern industries. Robots have made so many things possible, which could not be even thought of around 6 decades ago. They have taken the place of manual labor, especially in places where people worked in very dangerous and hazardous conditions like welding, die casting and forging. They have brought about revolutionary changes in the field of industrial manufacturing. According to a research conducted by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe the worldwide purchase for robots is increasing at the rate of approximately 19% every year.

Hello Robot

Man has always been dependent on machines. Ranging from the crudest of sticks used as weapons for hunting to modern weapons of mass destruction, we are becoming increasingly dependent on machines. Many amongst us perceive machines as being necessary for the smooth functioning of our society.

It stands as a testament to our inventiveness that we are able to automate the many mundane aspects of our society’s functioning in order to make life easier. The next generation of machines are smarter, smaller and more energy efficient.

The evolution of electronic toys provides a striking resemblance to that of the evolution of Robotic technological advancement. From its initial stages of simple robots that are programmed to perform monotonous actions to highly sophisticated robots with artificial intelligence, we have come a long way in improving the quality of robots. Commercially, Sony and Tiger electronics have released popular ‘robo-pets’, which were highly successful. In the virtual world, automated programs built for specific purposes are popular. General consensus is that any machinery which is adaptable, can interact and manipulate its surroundings is considered as a robot. Bill gates latest vision of ‘a robot in every home’ could be as prophetic as his earlier vision of ‘a computer in every home’, which is now a true scenario.

History of Robot:

There have been rough prototypes of robots since ancient times. These included robots, which operated on steam, wind and water. Greek mathematician Arkittas had made a machine operated dove which could gain momentum using steam power. Alexander was reputed to have many self-operated machines, which were working using wind pressure and steam. In 1088, Su Sang had created a clock tower, which shows the time automatically in some part of China. In 1136 and 1206 AD a Muslim inventor named Al Zazari had developed a number of self operated machines like cooking equipments and water operated musical instrument. This human like robot had been used as a singer in boats and as an entertainer in the court of the king.

Nearly in 1495, Leonardo da Vinci had sketched a human shaped Robot. This sketch came into light in the year 1950 and was named as Leonardo Robot. This Robot was capable of sitting, shaking its hand, head and moving its jaws. This Robot design had been done like the structure of a human being. Between 1738 and 1739, Jacques Devaucanson had created different Robots of different sizes including duck robot, flute-playing Robot. The Duck robot was capable of playing with its wings. It could lengthen its neck; pick food from the visitors’ hand. During 1700, in Japan, a number of different large sized robots were designed, out of which a Robot named ‘Karakul’ was famous for being capable of offering tea. From 1799 and 1881, Japanese handicraft workers had designed a variety of Robots. In 1926, Westinghouse Electric Corporation created a large Robot called ‘Television’ which could do many complex works. Scientist Makato Nisimura had designed the Japanese robot ‘Gakutensoku’, which was the first man-sized robot. England was not far behind in these inventions. In 1948-1949, the first electronic, autonomous Robot called “Elmore and Elsi” was created by William Grey Walter had surprised the world. It was capable of detecting light and darkness and was even capable of communicating with external devices. The first modern Robot came into existence in the year 1954, created by George Davel and operated digitally. It was named ‘Uni met’ and Dave sold it to Genera motors.