Category Archives: Electronic

Industrial Robots A Marvel Of Engineering

Invention of Robots has brought about revolutionary changes in the field of industrial manufacturing. In the earlier part of the century humans were engaged in jobs, which were very dangerous and involved serious health hazards, but in 1956, Unimation a company founded by George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger invented the first robot. These were initially used in industries where it was required that dangers involved in working should be reduced like in spot welding, die casting and forging and then gradually they were employed in areas requiring greater strength and accuracy than human beings.

Industrial Robots are automatic devices, which to an extent simulate the human behavior or more specifically human activity. Robots are important part of the science of Automation. Automation involves machines and computers that are capable of learning and performing various types of operations. The word robot has been derived from the Czech word “robota” meaning compulsory labor. The robots are used in industries to perform various functions like material handling, spot welding, spray painting, die casting, ironing, forging, assembly operations, palletizing, dispensing, testing, water jet cutting, picking and placing heavy goods etc.

Robots are made in various shapes and sizes and generally their load carrying capacity depends up on their size and strength. An average human sized robot is capable of carrying a load of more than 100 pounds and can also move it very quickly at the rate of +/-0.006 inches. One of their major advantages is that they can work continuously for days and years at a stretch without developing any fault. Due to this persistent accuracy robots are fast becoming indispensable part of various industrial set-ups. Most often these robots are used for repetitive painting, welding and operations like picking up and placing products into the machines.

The industrial robots can be programmed for performing a single function at a time and can only perform that particular function till they are reprogrammed. The cost of a robot is not very huge, but generally the cost of programming the robot is so high that instead of reprogramming it the manufacturers find it more economical to buy a new one for a different task. In simpler terms we can say that usually the cost of the robot is just a fraction of the cost of programming it.

Robots are made up of easily available materials. Steel, cast iron and aluminum are commonly used for making the arms and bases of robots. In mobile robots, rubber tires are fixed for smooth and quiet operation. Robots may be electronically operated and also laser or radio controlled. The exposed parts of the robot are enveloped with flexible neoprene sheaths and bellows.

The importance of robots in industries is increasing day by day and they constitute a very important part of the modern industries. Robots have made so many things possible, which could not be even thought of around 6 decades ago. They have taken the place of manual labor, especially in places where people worked in very dangerous and hazardous conditions like welding, die casting and forging. They have brought about revolutionary changes in the field of industrial manufacturing. According to a research conducted by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe the worldwide purchase for robots is increasing at the rate of approximately 19% every year.

Hello Robot

Man has always been dependent on machines. Ranging from the crudest of sticks used as weapons for hunting to modern weapons of mass destruction, we are becoming increasingly dependent on machines. Many amongst us perceive machines as being necessary for the smooth functioning of our society.

It stands as a testament to our inventiveness that we are able to automate the many mundane aspects of our society’s functioning in order to make life easier. The next generation of machines are smarter, smaller and more energy efficient.

The evolution of electronic toys provides a striking resemblance to that of the evolution of Robotic technological advancement. From its initial stages of simple robots that are programmed to perform monotonous actions to highly sophisticated robots with artificial intelligence, we have come a long way in improving the quality of robots. Commercially, Sony and Tiger electronics have released popular ‘robo-pets’, which were highly successful. In the virtual world, automated programs built for specific purposes are popular. General consensus is that any machinery which is adaptable, can interact and manipulate its surroundings is considered as a robot. Bill gates latest vision of ‘a robot in every home’ could be as prophetic as his earlier vision of ‘a computer in every home’, which is now a true scenario.

History of Robot:

There have been rough prototypes of robots since ancient times. These included robots, which operated on steam, wind and water. Greek mathematician Arkittas had made a machine operated dove which could gain momentum using steam power. Alexander was reputed to have many self-operated machines, which were working using wind pressure and steam. In 1088, Su Sang had created a clock tower, which shows the time automatically in some part of China. In 1136 and 1206 AD a Muslim inventor named Al Zazari had developed a number of self operated machines like cooking equipments and water operated musical instrument. This human like robot had been used as a singer in boats and as an entertainer in the court of the king.

Nearly in 1495, Leonardo da Vinci had sketched a human shaped Robot. This sketch came into light in the year 1950 and was named as Leonardo Robot. This Robot was capable of sitting, shaking its hand, head and moving its jaws. This Robot design had been done like the structure of a human being. Between 1738 and 1739, Jacques Devaucanson had created different Robots of different sizes including duck robot, flute-playing Robot. The Duck robot was capable of playing with its wings. It could lengthen its neck; pick food from the visitors’ hand. During 1700, in Japan, a number of different large sized robots were designed, out of which a Robot named ‘Karakul’ was famous for being capable of offering tea. From 1799 and 1881, Japanese handicraft workers had designed a variety of Robots. In 1926, Westinghouse Electric Corporation created a large Robot called ‘Television’ which could do many complex works. Scientist Makato Nisimura had designed the Japanese robot ‘Gakutensoku’, which was the first man-sized robot. England was not far behind in these inventions. In 1948-1949, the first electronic, autonomous Robot called “Elmore and Elsi” was created by William Grey Walter had surprised the world. It was capable of detecting light and darkness and was even capable of communicating with external devices. The first modern Robot came into existence in the year 1954, created by George Davel and operated digitally. It was named ‘Uni met’ and Dave sold it to Genera motors.

How to Build a Robot

Fancy building a robot? From personal experience, I can tell you it is no easy walk in the park. Nor a half effort will bring you there. It takes knowledge from mechanical, electronics, programming (IT, Internet Technology) and even perseverance.

When doing robots for the first time. You will want to keep it very simple. This is because factors like project timeline, costs and expenses, troubleshooting will arise indefinitely. They can very well affect the progress of building a robot.

For the mechanical side, you will have to design the structure. Structure comprises individual components which make up the particular robot. Popular types of robots are usually of vehicle type, or sometimes the more specific one; the robotic arm (a challenging first project to do). Vehicle type of robots usually have their own methods of transportation, in this case, wheels.

The wheels are then driven by motors. Servo motors are usually used, for their accuracy and more precise control than their favourite cousins, ‘DC’ motors. What you need to know is the degree of servo motors can be controlled while ‘DC’ motors can only turn continuously in clockwise and anti clockwise direction. That, is how a robot moves.

Then, you need electronics to control these motors. To save money, you would want to build your own ‘motherboard’. The motherboard is composed of a ‘microcontroller’ and many other electronic parts (resistor, transistor, wires, etc). Think of the motherboard, the electronics, as the brains for your robot.

Consequently, you will also need to program the ‘microcontroller’. To do this, many people use programmers to upload programs into the ‘microcontroller’. Otherwise, use the programmer to upload a ‘bootloader program (hex file format)’ first, then in future, you do not need the programmer to upload programs into the ‘microcontroller’. Instead, you could just upload by using a simple connection (‘USB’ to serial cable, ‘USB’ to mini ‘USB’ cable, etc). Programming languages (‘C language’, ‘Processing’, ‘Assembly Language’, etc) need to be written first on an ‘IDE’ (Integrated Development Environment) program on the computer.

Generally, the points discussed above; mechanical, electronics, programming should be able to point you in the correct direction and mindset. Also note that it is the norm to spend hundreds alone on a single project. As a motor will usually cost $10 to $40. Good luck.

Electronic Component Products From the Best Name Brands

Harting USA was founded in 1986 in Hoffman Estates, Illinois and has been based in Elgin, Illinois since 1998. The company develops, manufactures and sells electrical and electronic connectors, device terminations, back-plane, network components as well as cable harnesses for networks or machinery, or for power and data application in factories. Today the company currently employs a workforce of more than 3,500 employees worldwide with 40 subsidiary companies and representative in 27 countries. The company has various industry partnerships including: American Public Transportation Association, Underwriters Laboratories Inc., Telecommunication Industry Association, Open Device Net Vendors Association, VME bus International Trade Association, Professional Lighting and Sound Association, PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group (PICMG), American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), Railway Supply Institute (RSI), Railway System Suppliers, Inc. (RSSI), Control System Integrators Association (CSIA), Profited & Profit bus International (PI). Their product lines consist of Han Industrial Connectors, Communication Solutions, Ethernet Switches, Board Level Connectivity, I/O Connectors Incl. tools and accessories, 3D Micron/MD, Ha-VIS RFID, and Harting Current Sensors.

JAE Electronics – Industry-best Supplier of Electronic Components and Systems:

JAE Electronics designs, manufactures, and markets, electronic connectors, and electronics parent company, Japan Aviation Electronics Industries, Ltd. (JAE) a globally orientated supplier of electronic components, fiber optic connectors, LCD monitor connectors, waterproof electrical connectors and other digital systems. The company was established in the United States in 1977. Ever since the opening of the company, JAE Electronics has increased its marketing efforts in the United States and has opened a manufacturing facility in Palatine, Oregon. JAE is located in the Irvine Spectrum in Southern California. The parent company, Japan Aviation Electronics Industries is a globally oriented supplier of electronic components and systems.

Parallax Inc – Carved a Niche in the Electronics Industry with Innovative, Unique and Economical Solutions:

Parallax Inc is a privately held company in Rocklin, California. They design, manufacture, and sell BASIC stamp micro-controllers, micro-controllers, accessories, educational robot kits, and educational curriculum. The company was established in 1987 and is headquartered in Rocklin, California. The products the company carries are micro-controllers, robotics, sensors, books, cables/converters, components, data, development boards, displays, Ethernet, The memory products that the company carries are propeller memory card, micro-SD card holder SMD, push-pull, micro-SD holder SMD hinged, 1G micro-SD card, memory stick data logger, SD card adapter kit, micro-SD card adapter. The micro-controllers that the company carries are basic stamp, propeller, and propeller 2. Parallax is widely known for their robots, which their line consists of scribbler 2, activity Bot, Boe-Bot, shield-Bod, Sumo-Bot, Elev-8 quad copter, Eddie Robot Platform, and made USA Robot Platform.

Changes Seen in the Electronic

With modernization and technological advances, the world of electronics has undergone rapid changes. During the last few decades, the number of manufacturers producing electronic items has grown manifold and today, you can choose from different competitors when buying an electronic item.

Smart phones and tablets

Smart phones and tablets are used widely today all over the world. New smart phones have flooded the market today and there are scores of smart phone manufacturers today. However, smart phones are just one electronic item we are talking about. Smart phones have not only attracted buyers and customers towards them but also made a huge difference to the economy of various countries.

Semiconductors and electronics

Usually, pure silicon is used as a semiconductor in almost all electrical appliances. However, now a days gallium nitride is being used more than silicon. The superior qualities and various other properties of this semiconductor has made it an important material in the electronic industry today. Gallium nitride has high power efficiency, high flexibility, superior handling capacity and better resistance. A thorough research was done in the past few years to discover the various properties of gallium nitride which makes it suitable as a semiconductor in the electronic industry. It was seen that the flexibility and capacity of gallium nitride was much higher than silicon. This is why the electronics industry is slowly using the gallium nitride semiconductor more than silicon these days.

High technology robots

Who doesn’t love robots? They come in different shapes and sizes and perform different functions. Today, a robot can clean the house and play the role of a housekeeper or even be on the border with security forces protecting the country. The uses are varied. In fact, robots are also used in medical industry as well and are mainly used to perform surgeries. In fact, robots are being increasingly used by doctors and medical professionals to carry out complicated surgeries that require precision.

The new airport technology market

Since airports are where business travellers go, various countries worldwide are spending millions of dollars to make their airports all the more attractive and technologically friendly. This includes upgrading the systems to make sure that latest technologies are used.

Since electronics are a part of our lives just like air, its various applications and uses have made the electronic industry one of the best worldwide.

That’s not all. One needs to understand that the electronic industry has been one of those industries that has seen rapid changes during the last few decades. While other industries may be selling the same thing that they did decades back, the electronic industry is coming out with different products for its consumers every year.

Robotics Kits

Robot is a term with which almost all of us are quite familiar with. But most of us are unaware about the technical insights or aspects about these wonders of electronic trade. A robot is defined as “reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator”, designed to move materials, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks. It has a mechanical body and an electronic nerve system to drive it.

But the robot cannot perform task on its own. It does not have brain as we human being do. So how does a robot work. Here is the answer. For a robot to do something as desired and useful, we need to program it with some kind of intelligence. This can vary from hardwired logical circuits implementing some low-level reflex code to microcontrollers. In an advanced robotics systems, the control system can go up to neural network control systems running on powerful microcomputers networked together.

When someone decides to build a robot, the first thing that he would need is a robotic kit. Now the question arises what is a robotic kit. Well a robotic kit is your blueprint and comprises of all the tools and parts that a person would need for building a robot.

Robotic kits are available online along with manuals and robotic books which are of great help in building a robot. These robotic kits are available in various dimensions, depending on the customer’s requirement.

The robotic kit includes the mechanical parts required for building a robot like metal or plastic parts, mechanical components & electrical motors. It also includes a manual which helps in building the robot. Robotic books are of great help and an added advantage to those interested in this field. Such books have all the latest updates about robots.

In Advanced robotics systems, the control system can go up to advanced neural network control systems running on powerful microcomputers, networked together. To be able to build a robot, a person needs to understand and learn all the aspects of above mentioned fields. Robotics is not a hobby, it requires skills, dedication and lot of hard work. Besides the obvious – mechanics, programming, and electronics, there are the less obvious skills of diligence and genuine curiosity.

Some of the robotic parts are:.

Sensors: which detect the state of the environment.

Actuators: which modify the state of the environment.

Control System: which controls the actuators based on the environment as depicted by the sensors.

The most developed robot part, in practical use today, is the robotic arm and it is seen in applications throughout the world. It is used to carry out dangerous work such as dealing with hazardous materials. It used to carry out work in the medical field such as conducting experiments without exposing the researcher.

Applications of Robot Kits

Amateur electronics enthusiasts make a lot of useful devices – but surely none so potentially fun as a robot. Robot kits come in all shapes and sizes, normally designed for the use of the electronics enthusiast to design his or her own application according to the end use that he or she has in mind.

A robot is basically defined as an electronic apparatus designed to do the work of a human being. In complexity and style robot kits range from the mildly diverting (I remember a robot we had at school, way back in the past, that drew lines on bits of paper with a pencil) to the astonishing – like the Japanese TOPIO robot, a human sized, human shaped machine capable of playing table tennis with a human opponent.

What you want to do with your robot determines the articles you need in your robot kits. The most useful kits are home-made – get as many pieces as you can and you’ll always have a useful grab bag full of inventor’s bits for the day you have a creative breakthrough in the design of your next mechanoid assistant!

Sensors and arms are probably the most “robot specific” bits of robot kits – they’re the things that tend to define what you have made as a robot rather than just an amusing little machine. A robot needs to be able to sense and interact with its environment in fairly sophisticated ways, even at a simple level: so you need plenty of sensors to make that happen, and the arms to wield objects, pick things up or turn things.

The moving bits of your robot are powered by actuators, which convert energy into movement. An actuator is simply a catch-all term for a variety of existing equipment – servos, motors and gears are the most common actuators used in robot kits for amateurs and enthusiasts. If you’re a multi-billion dollar Japanese research group, you might instead be using air muscles or muscles wire – mechanical (still electrically activated at base level) materials that mimic the function of real human muscles!

Clearly all robots, whether they are mega expensive or the product of enthusiast’s robot kits, are incapable of experiencing anything like the sensory input of their human counterparts. The whole aim of robotics at any level, then, is to devise a sensor array and application that mimics human sensing capacity at a basic level. So what you are effectively trying to do is work out a way of using the sensors you have to direct a simple human-like task in an efficient mechanical way.

Hobby Electronics Robot

Robotics has become part of our daily lives. From toys to home appliances, it has taken over the problematic mechanisms of the amenities that we grew accustomed to. Aside from that, robotics provides challenging activities where we can develop important skills. It can even help us sharpen our research, critical thinking and problem solving skills by honing our mechanical, electronic and software capabilities. It can be a form of are since it allows us to build useful objects from simple parts. With the use of hobby electronics robot kits, we can explore, fix and put components together and learn much more about robotics.

Hobby electronics robot kits are provided to help us hone our skills by doing simple to complicated repairs and modifications on robot components. For instance, we can use these kits in assembling or fixing damaged toy robots. Although the task is quite challenging, it will be a lot easier if you have the right kits. Often, robot toys are designed to roll, walk or climb around your house. Depending on the design configurations of the kit that you choose, you can either make the toy have a built-in brain or remote controlled operations. Either way, going through the process of assembly or conversion will be fun as the kit provides everything you need to get the job done.

There are actually a number of kinds of hobby electronics robot kits, which are fitted for specific uses. For example, programmable robotic kits provide experienced technicians and engineers or even hobbyists with tools that are usually applied on robotic research. For high school and college projects, this type of kits very helpful in deeply involving the students in the efforts of mastering important mechanics, electronics and software development skills. On the other hand, BEAM robot kits are ideally used in using ingenious robotic designs since they are not fitted to work with an external power and do not involve programming. Just like in other tool kits, soldering components is common among robot kits since soldering is essential in the assembly of robotic components.

At the rate by which robotics continuously develops, more and more children as well as adults have been amazed by its wonders. Its applications have significantly improved our way of living. A classic example is the robotic dog. If you happen to be allergic to the real animal, then a robotic animal pet can be an exciting option. Voice activated appliances are now brought to the homes of millions of Americans. As they are simulated to do certain tasks with a specific command prompt, the problems that are faced when preparing and cooking food, cleaning the house or washing clothes will be things of the past. If you can’t afford a robot yet, then you can start small. Make robotics part of your hobby and build a prototype of your own. By having the right hobby electronics robot kits, you can easily assemble, repair or modify problematic robotic parts and be an engineer at your own right.

Robots and Robot Kits in Our Lives

We all saw robots in movies. In the beginning, bots were just metal things that looked funny. As the time passed, movies became more advanced, movie robots had more functions and they acted like humans more often. Great examples were 3CPO and R2D2 from Star wars and finally Data from Star trek. OK, those shows were science fiction and today’s robots still aren’t that advanced.

Nevertheless, modern bots have great roll in our lives. Robotics is advancing pretty fast. It is because electronics and mechanics are the areas that advances fast too. One more area that is directly affecting robotics is IT. Software development made possible to program the robot for doing complicated tasks. First programmable robots had software in VAL language. After that, there were Roboforth, RoboLogix, URBI etc. Nowadays there were software with GUIs and user friendly interfaces that allow easy programing of some robot kits. Now everyone can program robot kits, not just IT geeks.

Because of that, there are all kinds of robot kits on market. You can find basic kits for a few bucks and expert ones that can mimic human moves and do complicated tasks. Depending on your budget, you can get all sorts of interesting robots, program them and have fun. Scare your dog or cat for example. Robotics became a great hobby for every generation. Most famous area is Robot wars. People build bots and attach deadly weapons on them (deadly to other robots of course). There are communities that organizes robot battles and tournaments. Winners get very profitable prices.

Beside hobby robot kits, there are robots that help handicap people, build cars and computers, help in the farms, help collecting data for astronauts and every other area that you can think of. There is no product on the market that is designed or developed without help of robot. People don’t have to do hard work and being in hazard conditions any more. There are robots that help to find survivors and are great addition to rescue squads like Gemini Scout. Most affordable ones are robot vacuum cleaners. They definitely help in houses and save your time.

In one sentence, robots became irreplaceable devices in our lives. We don’t notice that, but if all the robots suddenly stop working, we would have a big problems. Who knows what brings the future. All we know, robots will be more and more advanced, and it will affect us even more. Let’s just hope that Terminator scenario will not happen.

Latest Innovations in The Consumer Electronic

In this technologically advancing world, the demands of different sectors of getting unique ideas and solutions are increasing. New innovations come up every other day in the field of electronic design, analog design, circuit diagrams, robotics, electronic circuits etc. Let us understand the importance of electrical designing and know what each sector has to offer:

Product development services and customized electric design
Several dealers all over the world offer customized design services as well and product development. As a part of these services, the client usually describes the type of electric device he/she wants and the product is designed accordingly. The clients who do not have a technical know how take advice from the manufacturers so that the customization can be done properly.

Embedded designing for hardware and software
There are microcrontrollers installed in the design which is done with the help of embedded systems. Many home automation devices like television, ovens, computers, washing machines etc work with the help of these microcontrollers. The embedded software installed in these systems control the processes performed by these devices. One of the advantages of utilizing an embedded system is that they protect the system from any damage of the files and it becomes feasible to redesign the hardware.

Designing Printed circuit boards
Printed circuit board designing involves creating the application from the very beginning. It is very important that the printed circuit board design should meet certain stipulations and is up to the mark. After the size of printed circuit board is decided and the specifications are checked, it is given to product development for further construction.

Comprehensive electronics design:
This sector includes the development of the whole product till it is released in the market. As this covers all the phases from designing to releasing, the designers and engineers find out about the basic designs and apparatuses needed for product development. After that, ample amount of testing is done with the product to check its reliability and validity.

Some people also like to design their own electronic devices for selling it in the market or for their personal usage. But it is very important that an experienced engineer checks and verifies the products as it might have loopholes. Thus it is advisable to go for a company which provides superior quality electronic design services at reasonable rates. One can research about these companies on the internet and get in touch with the right company.